What is the difference between a closed and open primary?
Voter may only vote for candidate belonging to your registered party.
Voter may vote for candidate belonging to any party.
Voters not affiliated with a party may vote in any party’s primary election.
Voter may rank the candidates in order of preference.
Top Two Primary
Voters may vote for candidate belonging to any party, and the two candidates who receive the most votes qualify for the General Election.
After the controversies of the 2000 U.S. presidential election, the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) was signed into law in 2002. The purpose of HAVA is to replace lever-based and punch-card voting systems; establish election administration standards and create the Election Assistance Commission for assistance in administering Federal elections. Since HAVA, many states have upgraded their voting machines.
Learn more about your state's ballot equipement here.